Acne is a skin problem that starts when oil dead skin cells clog up your pores. Some people call it blackheads, blemishes, whiteheads, pimples, or zits. When you have just a few red spots, or pimples, you have a mild form of acne. Severe acne can mean hundreds of pimples that can cover the face, neck, chest, and back. Or it can be bigger, solid, red lumps that are painful (cysts)
Actinic Keratoses (Pre-Cancerous Growths)
Actinic Keratoses are lesions on the outer skin layer caused by too much exposure to the ultraviolet rays of sunlight. People with fair skin, blond or red hair, and blue or green eyes are most at risk of developing these rough, scaly patches, or keratoses. A history of sunburn also increases the risk.
Age spots, or solar lentigines, are brown or gray discolorations that usually appear on sun-exposed areas such as the face and hands.
Contact Dermatitis typically causes a pink or red itchy rash. Pinpointing the exact cause of contact dermatitis can be difficult. Allergic contact dermatitis is a skin allergy to something that touches the skin, even if only briefly. An example of allergic contact dermatitis is poison ivy. Many other plants can cause allergic contact dermatitis, such as certain flowers, herbs, fruits, and vegetables. Other causes of allergic contact dermatitis include: fragrances, hair dyes, metals, rubber, formaldehyde (used as a preservative in many products), and skin care products.
Calluses and corns are areas of thick skin caused by pressure or friction. They may cause pain when you walk or wear shoes. Calluses usually form on your hands or feet. Corns have an inner core that can be soft or hard. Soft corns are found between your toes. Hard corns may form on the tops of your toes.
Dry Skin (Xerosis)
Xerosis consists of the accentuation of skin markings and fine scales. The tendency toward dry skin tends to be inherited and is more common in families with a history of allergies. Low humidity, usually related to dry heat during the winter months, is also an aggravating factor.
Eczema symptoms include itchy, red, and dry skin caused by inflammation. It’s most commonly found in children, although adults can get it. It is treated with oral medications and steroid creams. Eczema is generally a chronic condition.
Fingernail and toenail infections and deformities can be caused by fungus, trauma, arthritis, medications and other conditions. An accurate diagnosis is essential for appropriate treatment.
Fungal Infections (Ringworm)
Ringworm is not a worm, but a fungal infection of the skin. It can appear anywhere on the body and it looks like a circular, red, flat patch. It is often accompanied by scaly skin. The outer part of the sore can be raised while the skin in the middle appears normal.Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection of the foot. It causes peeling, redness, itching, burning, and sometimes blisters and sores. The fungus thrives in warm, moist areas of the body and as a result, infection can affect the genitals, inner thighs, and buttocks.
Hair Loss (Alopecia)
Alopecia Areata is a type of hair loss that occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, which is where hair growth begins. The damage to the follicle is usually not permanent. Alopecia areata is most common in people younger than 20, but children and adults of any age may be affected. Women and men are affected equally. There are many other forms of hair loss which require tests for an accurate diagnosis.
Herpes (Cold Sores, Herpes Simplex)
Herpes simplex viruses are categorized into two types: herpes type 1 (HSV-1, or oral herpes) and herpes type 2 (HSV-2, or genital herpes). Most commonly, herpes type 1 causes sores around the mouth and lips (sometimes called fever blisters or cold sores). HSV-1 can cause genital herpes, but most cases of genital herpes are caused by herpes type 2. In HSV-2, the infected person may have sores around the genitals or rectum. Although HSV-2 sores may occur in other locations, these sores usually are found below the waist. There are excellent anti-viral therapies available today.
Hives are raised red bumps on the skin most often caused by an allergic reaction. Hives usually cause itching, but may also burn or sting. They can appear anywhere on the body, including the face, lips, tongue, throat, or ears. Hives vary in size (from the size of a pencil eraser to that of a dinner plate), and may join together to form larger areas known as plaques. Occasionally, hives can signal more serious problems.
Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) and treatment with Botox
Hyperhidrosis is a common condition that can affect the feet, armpits, hands, and more. Causes may include medical conditions, emotions, heat, and other factors. The treatments for excessive sweating range from prescription antiperspirants and medications to Botox, or surgery.
Impetigo is a contagious, bacterial skin infection. It causes red sores that can break open, ooze fluid, and develop a yellow-brown crust. These sores can occur anywhere on the body but most often appear around the mouth and nose. Topical and oral antibiotics are effective treatment.
Moles are growths on the skin that are usually brown or black. Moles can appear anywhere on the skin, alone or in groups. Benign moles are smaller than a pencil eraser (6mm) and are not scaly, painful or bleeding. Birth Mark Moles are present in the first year of life and are larger than a pencil eraser.
Molluscum Contagiosum is a viral skin infection that causes either single or multiple raised, pearl-like bumps (papules) on the skin. It is a chronic infection, so lesions may persist from a few months to a few years. However, most cases resolve in six to nine months. There are effective treatments for Molluscum Contagiosum
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition caused by an overactive immune system. Symptoms include flaking, inflammation, and thick, white, silvery, or red patches of skin. Psoriasis treatments include steroid creams, light therapy and oral medications and other systemic medications.
Rosacea is a very common skin disease that affects people over the age of 30. It causes redness on your nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead. Some people get little bumps and pimples on the red parts of their faces. Rosacea can also cause burning and soreness in your eyes.
Seborrhea (Seborrheic Dermatitis)
Seborrheic dermatitis, or seborrhea, is a common skin disease that causes a red, itchy rash with white scales. It can appear on the seborrheic areas your body as well as your scalp.
Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
Shingles is a painful rash caused by the chickenpox virus (varicella-zoster). It usually appears in a band, a strip, or a small area on one side of the face or body.
Skin Cancer Diagnoses and Surgical Removal Including Mohs Surgery
(Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Melanoma)
Skin cancer is the most common of all human cancers, with 1 million people in the U.S. diagnosed each year with some type of skin cancer. There are three major types of skin cancers: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma. The first two skin cancers are grouped together as non-melanoma skin cancers.
A wart is a skin growth caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV infects the top layer of skin, usually entering the body in an area of broken skin. The virus causes the top layer of skin to grow rapidly, forming a wart. Warts can grow anywhere on the body, and there are different kinds. For example, common warts grow most often on the hands. Plantar warts grow on the soles of the feet.